Tet Nguyen Dan, or Tet for short, is considered the biggest and most popular festival of the year in Vietnam. Celebrated on the first day of the first month in the Lunar Calendar, Tet’s celebration is the longest holiday which may last up to seven to nine days. Vietnamese New Year in 2021 will last from 10/Feb/2021 –16/Feb/2021.
Click here –> How to get a Vietnam visa on Tet holiday 2021?
How Tet is calculated?
Different from the Gregorian calendar, Lunar Calendar has a fixed number of twelve months with 30 days each, and a leap-year will have a whole intercalary month instead of the 29th day of February. The new year of the Lunar Calendar normally will start in late January or the beginning of February according to the Gregorian calendar. That explains why Tet days vary from year to year: it is because the leap month may fall shorter or longer which creates a smaller or bigger gap between the two calendars.
When is Tet?
* In 2011, Tet day falls on February 3rd
* In 2012, Tet day falls on January 23rd
* In 2013, Tet is on February 10th
* In 2014, Tet is on January 31st
* In 2015, Tet is on February 19th
* In 2016, Tet is on February 8th (actual holiday from Feb 6-14)
* In 2017, Tet is on January 28th, Rooster
* In 2018, Tet is on February 16th, Dog
* In 2019, Tet is on February 05th, Pig
* In 2020, Tet is on January 24th, Rat
The actual holiday will last 1 day before and about 3-5 days after the day mentioned above.
|2017||Saturday, January 28||26 Jan to 06 Feb||Vietnamese Lunar New Year||Rooster|
|2018||Friday, February 16||14 Feb to 20 Feb||Vietnamese Lunar New Year||Dog|
|2019||Tuesday, February 5||3 Feb to 10 Feb||Vietnamese Lunar New Year||Pig|
|2020||Tuesday, Jan, 24||24/Jan to 30/Jan||Vietnamese Lunar New Year||Rat|
|2021||Friday, Feb, 12||10/Feb to 16/Feb||Vietnamese Lunar New Year||Buffalo|
Update 2021: If you plan to visit Vietnam during the Tet Holiday, it is strongly advised that you apply for a visa as soon as possible as the embassy offices may close during the holiday time above.
What is Tet?
Tet is the occasion for Vietnamese to express their respect and remembrance for their ancestors as well as welcoming the New Year with their beloved family members. Moreover, in the past, Tet was essential as it provided one of the few long breaks during the agricultural year, which was held between the harvesting of the crops and the sowing of the next ones. To make it easier, one can imagine Tet as a combination of Christmas and New Year: every family will get together to have big meals, decorate Tet trees and eat Tet food but to welcome the new year instead of a religious cause.
How is Tet celebrated?
Since Tet occupies an important role in Vietnamese’s religious beliefs, Vietnamese will begin their preparations well in advance of the upcoming New Year. In an effort to get rid of the bad luck of the old year, people will spend a few days cleaning their homes, polishing every utensil, or even repaint and decorate the house with kumquat tree, branches of peach blossom, and many other colorful flowers. The ancestral altar is specially taken care of, with careful decoration of five kinds of fruits and votive papers, along with many religious rituals. Everybody, especially children, buy new clothes and shoes to wear on the first days of New Year. People also try to pay all their pending debts and resolve all the arguments among colleagues, friends or members of the family.
Like other Asian countries, Vietnamese believe that the color of red and yellow will bring good fortune, which may explain why these colors can be seen everywhere in Lunar New Year. People consider what they do on the dawn of Tet will determine their fate for the whole year, hence people always smile and behave as nice as they can in the hope for a better year. Besides, gifts are exchanged between family members and friends and relatives, while children receive lucky money kept in red envelopes.
No matter where Tet is celebrated, it must be clarified from the beginning that Tet is not a day, but several days of celebration.
The general process is as follow (all dates quoted in lunar calendar):
Ông Công, Ông Táo Day (Kitchen God day) – December 23rd
Wrapping Chung cake – December 26-28th
Family reunion and Tất niên – December 30th
Giao thừa – New Year’s Eve: including praying sessions to God and Ancestors, Xông đất (First visit to a family in the new year)
First three days of the new year: visit paternal side on the first day, maternal side on the second day, and teachers on the third day
Visit relatives, friends and neighbors: can take place from January 3rd – 5th
Hóa vàng – burn the offerings near Tet’s end for ancestors: January 4th
Reopen business: usually, owners pick a good date that matches their age
Tết Nguyên Tiêu: January 15th
Food for Tet
The following food is often consumed during Tet; some are particular to Tet and often associated with the grand celebration:
Banh Chung/ Banh Tet
Mung bean pudding
Vietnamese sausage – giò chả
Xôi Gấc – Red Sticky Rice
Roasted nuts and seeds
Read more about Essential Food for the Tet holiday
Traveling to Vietnam during Tet
Tet has a very special attached meaning to all Vietnamese. It is the time for everybody to come back to their hometown, gathering with family, visiting relatives and having a good relaxing time after a hard-working year. If you have the opportunity to visit Vietnam during the Tet holiday, make sure you join this festive and happy moment of Vietnamese!